Various | History of fireworks.
It is hard to imagine a big holiday without the bright lights of fireworks. It turns out that this is a very old tradition. Many nations tried to decorate their holidays with colorful lights.
The history of fireworks began in ancient Greece. The Greeks used “Greek fire”, the manufacture of which was kept secret. It had the properties of gunpowder and threw core stones from metal pipes. Fireballs were also blown out of long pipes.
But the heyday of fireworks came when gunpowder was invented in China. It became possible to make charges of different speed and burning power.
The Russian history of fireworks began in 1389, when the first “amusing lights” appeared. The fire show was brought to Moscow by German merchants.
At Ivan the Terrible, people set off fireworks. A specially trained person was called a “powder manager”.
The fashion for celebrating holidays with “fun lights” was introduced by Peter I. When he turned eighteen, two fireworks were arranged in honor of the birthday boy, one of which lasted almost three hours. Peter, who himself liked to try everything, learned the trade of a pyrotechnician himself. Those fireworks were very different from modern salutes – instead of the usual fireballs, pictures of palaces, waterfalls and fountains were “burned” in the sky, stories from the Bible and scenes of military battles were embodied in fire. Fireworks were also mandatory on New Year’s Day, and a decree was issued, which said that all noble people, when the fireworks started on Red Square,
Fireworks in those days were not made just like that. Prominent scientists of that time from the Academy of Sciences made a detailed program of representation. Then, special products were made, necessary for this particular firework. Then a fireworks theater was built – a huge platform on which all the figures and decorations listed in the program were placed. The public received a program of fireworks.
These were very expensive ideas. One volley of fireworks in those days cost 10,000 rubles, and, for example, one cow – 3 rubles.
Peter himself saw fireworks as more than entertainment. he considered them a “uniting force” and was sure that they strengthen the spirit of Russians and strengthen faith in the power of the Motherland.
The family of confetti is Italy. This word was used to refer to sweets made of sugar. During street marches and carnivals, residents threw lollipops, candies, sugared nuts at people having fun. Then the candies were replaced with “tasteless” gypsum balls, and one of the owners of the cafe in 1884 decided to shower his guests with colored chalk balls. Later, he came up with the idea of making confetti from paper.